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Palo Alto, CA
David Fortunato
Home  >  Companies  >  Wealthfront
Wealthfront is a neobank and robo-advisor with with automated investments, financial planning, and cash accounts.







Growth Rate (y/y)








Sacra estimates that Wealthfront grew revenue to $184M in 2023, up 117% from $91M in 2022. The primary cause of Wealthfront's sudden revenue acceleration, after growing just 16% year-over-year in 2022, was increased AUM via deposits both to their core robo-advisor product and to their Wealthfront Cash high-yield checking accouts.

As interest rates rose from the spring of 2022 through the summer of 2023, the effect was to significantly increase the amounts that neobanks like Wealthfront and Betterment could earn on their deposits, creating a way for them to acquire customers by passing some of those earnings on.

Wealthfront grew AUM from $31B at the end of 2022 to $55B at the end of 2023, while at the same time benefitting from the improved unit economics of their cash accounts vs. their traditional robo-advisor accounts. Cash accounts allow Wealthfront to earn about 0.40% per dollar of AUM vs. 0.25% per dollar of AUM on their robo-advisor product.



In 2008, Wealthfront launched as one of the first robo-advisors, giving consumers access to a delightfully-designed web app for managing their finances via diversified investment portfolios for a simple fee of 0.25% of AUM annually. For the first $10,000 a customer deposited, they waived that fee, making it essentially free to sign up for a broad range of younger milennials.

In comparison to financial advisors that charge 1% of AUM or more, Wealthfront positioned itself as the cheaper option, simultaneously bringing down their costs on the back-end by investing user deposits in low-fee exchange traded funds (ETFs).

Wealthfront was able to bring its costs below those of traditional financial advisors while still extracting value by virtue of their well-designed app, which brought together all of a user's money and spending and investments in one app with bank integrations from Plaid.

As Wealthfront grew, it expanded its offerings to include features like direct indexing, which allowed clients to own individual securities in their portfolios for greater tax efficiency, and bond portfolios. The company also introduced banking services, such as high-yield cash accounts and lines of credit, aiming to become a one-stop-shop for its clients' financial needs.

Today, Wealthfront manages over $60B in assets for more than 800,000 clients.



The US investment management market is becoming saturated with fintechs and legacy players offering their customers low-cost, robo-advisor investment services. The number of robo-advisor account holders grew to 3.5M in 2021, 2X from 2018, but their growth is expected to slow down to 10.4% YoY to reach 5.2M by 2025. 

Wealthfront competes with traditional players like Charles Schwab and Vanguard, which started rival robo-advisor services after the launch of Wealthfront. By leveraging their vast network and bringing their fees below those of Wealthfront, they have become the two largest robo-advisors by AUM.

Apart from other robo-advisors such as Betterment and Personal Capital, Wealthfront also competes with fintechs such as Acorns (financial wellness), Chime (neobank), and Robinhood (DIY investment). There are also specialist robo-advisors such as Ellevest (robo-advisor for women) and Bloom (IRA and 401k) that cater to specific verticals.

TAM Expansion

The growth playbook for Wealthfront, at its core, means offering more financial products to scale AUM, monetize its customers in new ways, and keep them around for longer.

After introducing robo-advising, giving consumers access to a bucket of different ETFs through their app, Wealthfront layered on additional features like high-APY cash accounts, automated bond portfolios, and Robinhood-like direct stock picking.

They've also launched lending, allowing customers to borrow up to 30% of their AUM with Wealthfront at rates of 7.65% to 8.90%, receiving their funds in 1 business day. Expanding into lending has become a core part of the fintech/neobank playbook. They've also started offering 529 college savings plans and IRA retirement plans.

Apart from investment products, Wealthfront could consider launching its own credit cards and insurance, either directly or acting as a distributor for others. 

The key is to build features that help them maintain their customers for longer, with churn a key risk factor for robo-advisors like Wealthfront that can see customers leave for other, more fully-featured platforms. By offering products like college investing and retirement that create a longer-term relationship with Wealthfront beyond a checking account or a high-yield savings account, Wealthfront can increase its chances of retaining those relationships as their customers get older, earn more money, and contribute to rising AUM per customer.


Lower interest rates

Wealthfront is one of the neobanks that benefitted greatly in 2023 from the rise in interest rates driving up the yields that they could both collect from deposits and offer to their users. Wealthfront's 117% revenue growth in 2023 was a testament to this—but the problem is that interest rates won't stay high forever. By the time they come back down, Wealthfront will either have to have new lines of business that can pick up the slack, or they will have to convince their new users to stick around and invest and spend with them in the long-term.

Lack of differentiation

Wealthfront acquired users rapidly in the early years by offering a low cost investment service to DIY investors who found traditional investment management firms too expensive. However, now with traditional investment firms, neobanks, and other robo-advisor firms offering nearly identical products at similar management fees, there isn’t much to differentiate one robo-advisor app from another. As the product becomes more commoditized, Wealthfront may struggle to acquire customers for its core investment service business.


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